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Browse more than 160,000 publications authored by our scientists over the past 100+ year history of the USGS.  Publications available are: USGS-authored journal articles, series reports, book chapters, other government publications, and more.

Filter Total Items: 170898

Late Cenozoic paleogeographic reconstruction of the San Francisco Bay Area from analysis of stratigraphy, tectonics, and tephrochronology

The Neogene stratigraphic and tectonic history of the Mount Diablo area is a consequence of the passage of the Mendocino Triple Junction (MTJ) by the San Francisco Bay area between 12 and 6 Ma, volcanism above a slab-window trailing the MTJ, and crustal transpression beginning ~8-6 Ma, when the Pacific Plate and Sierra Nevada microplate began to converge obliquely. Between ~12-6 Ma, parts of the
Andrei Sarna-Wojcicki

Late Cenozoic tephrochronology of the Mount Diablo area within the evolving plate-tectonic boundary zone of northern California

We present a tephrochronologic/chronostratigraphic database for the Mount Diablo area and greater San Francisco Bay region that provides a spatial and temporal framework for geologic studies in the region, including stratigraphy, paleogeography, tectonics, quantification of earth surface processes, recurrence of natural hazards, and climate change. We identified and correlated 34 tephra layers wit

Andrei Sarna-Wojcicki, Raymond Sullivan, Alan L. Deino, Laura Walkup, J. Ross Wagner, Elmira Wan

A decision tool to identify population management strategies for common ravens and other avian predators

Some avian species have developed the capacity to leverage resource subsidies associated with human manipulated landscapes to increase population densities in habitats with naturally low carrying capacities. Elevated corvid densities and new territory establishment have led to an unsustainable increase in depredation pressure on sympatric native wildlife prey populations as well as in crop damage.
Andrea Faye Currylow, Brenda Hanley, Kerry L. Holcomb, Timothy Shields, Stephen Boland, William Boarman, Mercy Vaughn

Schistosome infection in Senegal is associated with different spatial extents of risk and ecological drivers for Schistosoma haematobium and S. mansoni

Schistosome parasites infect more than 200 million people annually, mostly in sub-Saharan Africa, where people may be co-infected with more than one species of the parasite. Infection risk for any single species is determined, in part, by the distribution of its obligate intermediate host snail. As the World Health Organization reprioritizes snail control to reduce the global burden of schistosomi
Isabel J. Jones, Susanne H. Sokolow, Andrew J Chamberlin, Andrea J Lund, Nicolas Jouanard, Lydie Bandagny, Raphaël Ndione, Simon Senghor, Anne-Marie Schacht, Gilles Riveau, Skylar R. Hopkins, Jason R. Rohr, Justin V. Remais, Kevin D. Lafferty, Armand M. Kuris, Chelsea L. Wood, Giulio A. De Leo

Assessing potential groundwater-level declines from future withdrawals in the Hualapai Valley, northwestern Arizona

A numerical groundwater flow model of the Hualapai Valley Basin in northwestern Arizona was developed to assist water-resource managers in understanding the potential effects of projected groundwater withdrawals on groundwater levels in the basin. The Hualapai Valley Hydrologic Model (HVHM) simulates the hydrologic system for the years 1935 through 2219, including future withdrawal scenarios that
Jacob E. Knight, Bruce Gungle, Jeffrey R. Kennedy

Genome-wide SNP analysis reveals multiple paternity in Burmese pythons invasive to the Greater Florida Everglades

Reproductive strategies are an essential component of invasion ecology that influence invasion success and rates of population growth. Burmese Pythons (Python bivittatus) are large constrictor snakes that were introduced to the Greater Everglades Ecosystem of southern Florida, USA, from Asia. Since their introduction, these giant constrictors have spread throughout wetlands of southern Florida whi
James Skelton, Ian A. Bartoszek, Caitlin Beaver, Kristen Hart, Margaret Hunter

Shifting correlations among multiple aspects of weather complicate predicting future demography of a threatened species

Most studies of the ecological effects of climate change consider only a limited number of weather drivers that could affect populations, though we know that multiple weather drivers can simultaneously affect population growth rate. Multiple drivers could simultaneously increase/decrease one vital rate, or one may increase a vital rate while another decreases the same vital rate. Considering the i
Allison M Louthan, Jeffrey R. Walters, Adam Terando, Victoria Garcia, William F. Morris

Culverts delay upstream and downstream migrations of river herring (Alosa spp.)

Alewife (Alosa pseudoharengus) and blueback herring (Alosa aestivalis) are iteroparous anadromous fish found throughout the East Coast of North America. The phenology of anadromous fish migrations is important for fitness, and the duration of spawning migrations has been compressed in recent years in response to climate change. Anthropogenic barriers to movement, such as dams and culverts at road-
Derrick Alcott, Elsa Goerig, Theodore R. Castro-Santos

Deep learning approaches for improving prediction of daily stream temperature in data-scarce, unmonitored, and dammed basins

Basin-centric long short-term memory (LSTM) network models have recently been shown to be an exceptionally powerful tool for stream temperature (Ts) temporal prediction (training in one period and predicting in another period at the same sites). However, spatial extrapolation is a well-known challenge to modelling Ts and it is uncertain how an LSTM-based daily Ts model will perform in unmonitored
Farshid Rahmani, Chaopeng Shen, Samantha K. Oliver, Kathryn Lawson, Alison P. Appling

Investigating the effect of enhanced oil recovery on the noble gas signature of casing gases and produced waters from selected California oil fields

In regions where water resources are scarce and in high demand, it is important to safeguard against contamination of groundwater aquifers by oil-field fluids (water, gas, oil). In this context, the geochemical characterisation of these fluids is critical so that anthropogenic contaminants can be readily identified. The first step is characterising pre-development geochemical fluid signatures (i.e
R. L. Tyne, P. H. Barry, R. Karolytė, D. J. Bryne, Justin T. Kulongoski, D.J. Hillegonds, C. J. Ballentine

A simplified method for rapid estimation of emergency water supply needs after earthquakes

Researchers are investigating the problem of estimating households with potable water service outages soon after an earthquake. Most of these modeling approaches are computationally intensive, have large proprietary data collection requirements or lack precision, making them unfeasible for rapid assessment, prioritization, and allocation of emergency water resources in large, complex disasters. Th
Joseph Charles Toland, Anne Wein

Satellite-derived barrier response and recovery following natural and anthropogenic perturbations, northern Chandeleur Islands, Louisiana

The magnitude and frequency of storm events, relative sea-level rise (RSLR), sediment supply, and anthropogenic alterations drive the morphologic evolution of barrier island systems, although the relative importance of any one driver will vary with the spatial and temporal scales considered. To explore the relative contributions of storms and human alterations to sediment supply on de-cadal change
Julie Bernier, Jennifer L. Miselis, Nathaniel Plant